Year 2020, Volume 6 , Issue 1, Pages 181 - 195 2020-01-12

Biyolojik Atık Nitrifikasyon Organizmasına Cu+2 Biyosorpsiyonu
Biosorption of Cu2+ onto Biyological Waste Nitrification Organisms

Şükrü ASLAN [1] , Uğur Şavaş TOPÇU [2]


Laboratuvarda geliştirilen kuru atık biyolojik nitrifikasyon organizmasına (KANO), Cu+2 iyonlarının biyosorpsiyonu, sıcaklık, başlangıç Cu+2 derişimi, pH ve biyosorbent dozuna göre kesikli ünitelerde araştırılmıştır. Deneysel çalışmalar ile elde edilen R2, qden ve qhes değerleri göz önüne alındığında, adsorpsiyon eşitliği, Cu+2 iyonlarının KANO’ya biyosorpsiyonu, tek kademe olarak belirtilen en iyi, Langmuir izotermi tarafından tanımlanmaktadır. Deneysel çalışmalarda belirlenen qe değeri, çözelti sıcaklığı arttıkça yükselirken, KANO yapısından sıcaklık ve pH’a bağlı olarak çözeltiye salınan organik madde ve NH4-N artmaktadır. KANO’ya en yüksek Cu+2 biyosorpsiyonu, başlangıç pH ve sıcaklığı olan 5,0 ve 55 °C’de olduğu belirlenmiştir. Deneysel sonuçlar, KANO’ya, Cu+2 biyosorpsiyonunun endotermik bir reaksiyon olduğunu göstermektedir. Sorpsiyon hızı için kinetik modeller, yalancı I. derece ve yalancı II. derece, partikül içi difüzyon, Elovich karşılaştırıldığında, adsorpsiyonun en iyi yalancı II. derece kinetik model tarafından tanımlandığını göstermektedir. ΔG° değeri sıcaklık arttıkça azalmaktadır. Bu durum adsorpsiyon sürecinin Gibbs enerjisinin artmasını sağlamaktadır. Negatif ΔG° değeri, KANO üzerine Cu+2 biyosorpsiyonunun uygulanabilir olduğu anlamına gelmektedir. 

The biosorption of Cu2+ ions from aqueous solutions onto the dry waste nitrification organisms (DWNO) which were enriched in the laboratory was investigated in batch experimental system with respect to the temperature, initial Cu2+ concentrations, pH, and biosorbent doses. Considering the R2 value, qexp and qcal, the adsorption equilibrium was well described by the Langmuir isotherm model which is suggesting that the Cu2+ ions were adsorbed onto the DWNO in a monolayer. The value of qe increased with increasing the temperature while also increases the release of organic matter and NH4-N from the DWNO. The highest sorption of Cu2+ onto DWNO was determined at the initial pH value and temperature of 5.0 and 55°C, respectively. The results confirming that the biosorption reaction of Cu2+ on the DWNO was thought to be endothermic. A comparison of the kinetic models such as pseudo first and second-order kinetics, intraparticle diffusion, and Elovich on the sorption rate demonstrated that the system was best described by the pseudo second-order kinetic model. The value of ΔG° was decreasing with increasing temperature. It indicates that the adsorption process leads to an increase in Gibbs energy. The negative ΔG° value means the Cu2+sorption onto the DWNO is feasible.

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Primary Language tr
Subjects Environmental Engineering
Published Date 2020
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-8735-8029
Author: Şükrü ASLAN (Primary Author)
Institution: SİVAS CUMHURİYET ÜNİVERSİTESİ, MÜHENDİSLİK FAKÜLTESİ, ÇEVRE MÜHENDİSLİĞİ BÖLÜMÜ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-3985-2425
Author: Uğur Şavaş TOPÇU
Institution: SİVAS CUMHURİYET ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : January 12, 2020

Bibtex @research article { dacd612505, journal = {Doğal Afetler ve Çevre Dergisi}, issn = {}, eissn = {2528-9640}, address = {}, publisher = {Artvin Çoruh University}, year = {2020}, volume = {6}, pages = {181 - 195}, doi = {10.21324/dacd.612505}, title = {Biyolojik Atık Nitrifikasyon Organizmasına Cu+2 Biyosorpsiyonu}, key = {cite}, author = {Aslan, Şükrü and Topçu, Uğur Şavaş} }
APA Aslan, Ş , Topçu, U . (2020). Biyolojik Atık Nitrifikasyon Organizmasına Cu+2 Biyosorpsiyonu. Doğal Afetler ve Çevre Dergisi , 6 (1) , 181-195 . DOI: 10.21324/dacd.612505
MLA Aslan, Ş , Topçu, U . "Biyolojik Atık Nitrifikasyon Organizmasına Cu+2 Biyosorpsiyonu". Doğal Afetler ve Çevre Dergisi 6 (2020 ): 181-195 <http://dacd.artvin.edu.tr/en/pub/issue/50584/612505>
Chicago Aslan, Ş , Topçu, U . "Biyolojik Atık Nitrifikasyon Organizmasına Cu+2 Biyosorpsiyonu". Doğal Afetler ve Çevre Dergisi 6 (2020 ): 181-195
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Biyolojik Atık Nitrifikasyon Organizmasına Cu+2 Biyosorpsiyonu AU - Şükrü Aslan , Uğur Şavaş Topçu Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.21324/dacd.612505 DO - 10.21324/dacd.612505 T2 - Doğal Afetler ve Çevre Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 181 EP - 195 VL - 6 IS - 1 SN - -2528-9640 M3 - doi: 10.21324/dacd.612505 UR - https://doi.org/10.21324/dacd.612505 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Doğal Afetler ve Çevre Dergisi Biyolojik Atık Nitrifikasyon Organizmasına Cu+2 Biyosorpsiyonu %A Şükrü Aslan , Uğur Şavaş Topçu %T Biyolojik Atık Nitrifikasyon Organizmasına Cu+2 Biyosorpsiyonu %D 2020 %J Doğal Afetler ve Çevre Dergisi %P -2528-9640 %V 6 %N 1 %R doi: 10.21324/dacd.612505 %U 10.21324/dacd.612505
ISNAD Aslan, Şükrü , Topçu, Uğur Şavaş . "Biyolojik Atık Nitrifikasyon Organizmasına Cu+2 Biyosorpsiyonu". Doğal Afetler ve Çevre Dergisi 6 / 1 (January 2020): 181-195 . https://doi.org/10.21324/dacd.612505
AMA Aslan Ş , Topçu U . Biyolojik Atık Nitrifikasyon Organizmasına Cu+2 Biyosorpsiyonu. DACD. 2020; 6(1): 181-195.
Vancouver Aslan Ş , Topçu U . Biyolojik Atık Nitrifikasyon Organizmasına Cu+2 Biyosorpsiyonu. Doğal Afetler ve Çevre Dergisi. 2020; 6(1): 195-181.