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Müsilaj Oluşumu ve Ekolojisi

Year 2023, Volume: 9 Issue: 2, 385 - 403, 30.07.2023
https://doi.org/10.21324/dacd.1240922

Abstract

Müsilaj oluşumu, çeşitli biyolojik ve hidrolojik etkileşimleri içeren çok karmaşık bir olgudur. Müsilaj oluşumuna elverişli koşullar oşinografik değişimlerle gözlenebilirken, ortamda bulunan bakteriyel ve fitoplanktona dayalı aktiviteler de müsilaj oluşumunda etkin rol oynar. 17. yüzyıldan beri farklı denizlerde ve ekosistemlerde gözlenmiş müsilajın, mikrobiyal yapısı ve şekli de farklıdır. Bu durumu, müsilaj oluşumunun çoğunlukla taksona özgü olması ve kalınlığının ile dokusunun ise çevresel faktörlerden etkilenmesi ile açıklamak mümkündür. Müsilaj araştırmalarında baskın tür olarak çoğunlukla fitoplankterler karşımıza çıkmaktadır. Özellikle, ortamdaki yüksek organik madde miktarı ve nutrient miktarları, fitoplankton oluşumu ve mikroçevre oluşumunu tetiklemektedir ve suyun sıcaklık, akışkanlık, türbidite gibi bazı özellikleri müsilaj üretimini artırıcı etki göstermektedir. Bu derlemede, öncelikle çözünmüş organik madde (ÇOM) ve mikrobiyal popülasyonun agregat oluşturarak nasıl müsilaja dönüştüğünden bahsedilmiştir. Sonrasında, mikrobiyal ekoloji incelemelerinde müsilajın yapısında karşılaşılmış canlı grupları anlatılmıştır. Müsilaj bölgelerinde gözlenen baskın türler, vaka bilgileri ile detaylı olarak anlatıldıktan sonra, müsilaj oluşumu sonucu yaşamı olumsuz etkilenen canlılardan bazı örnekler verilmiştir.

References

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Mucilage Formation and Ecology

Year 2023, Volume: 9 Issue: 2, 385 - 403, 30.07.2023
https://doi.org/10.21324/dacd.1240922

Abstract

Mucilage formation is a very complex phenomenon involving various biological and hydrological interactions. Mucilage is formed as a result of bacterial and phytoplankton-based activities in the environment. Oceanic shifts can provide an environment favorable for mucilage development; however, other factors also play a role in forming mucilage. Mucilage's microbiological structure and morphology, which have been studied in many waters and habitats since the 17th century, are also distinct. This is due to the fact that mucilage development is largely taxon-specific, and mucilage thickness and texture vary depending on environmental conditions. In mucilage studies, phytoplankton is the main component. A high level of organic matter and nutrients in the environment stimulates the formation of phytoplankton and the microenvironment. Furthermore, various water properties, such as temperature, fluidity, and so on, have an increasing effect on mucilage production. The purpose of this review is to describe how aggregates and mucilage are produced by dissolved organic matter (DOM) and microbial populations. Then, living groups discovered in the structure of mucilage during microbial ecology researches are discussed. Several examples of living organisms negatively affected by the development of mucilage were discussed following a detailed description of the dominant species observed in mucilage regions and case information.

References

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  • Aktan Y., Topaloğlu B., (2011), First record of Chrysophaeum taylorii Lewis & Bryan and their benthic mucilaginous aggregates in the Aegean Sea (Eastern Mediterranean), Journal of Black Sea/Mediterranean Environment, 17(2), 159-170.
  • Alldredge A.L., Cowles T.J., MacIntyre S., Rines J.E.B., Donaghay P.L., Greenlaw C.F., Holliday D.V, Dekshenieks, M.M., Sullivan J.M., Zaneveld J.R.V., (2002), Occurrence and mechanisms of formation of a dramatic thin layer of marine snow in a shallow Pacific fjord, Marine Ecology Progress Series, 233, 1-12, doi: 10.3354/meps233001.
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  • Azam F., Funari E., (1999), Significance of bacteria in the mucilage phenomenon in the northern Adriatic Sea, Annali Dell’Istituto Superiore Di Sanità, 35(3), 411-419.
  • Baldi F., Minacci A., Saliot A., Mejanelle L., Mozetic P., Turk V., Malej A., (1997), Cell lysis and release of particulate polysaccharides in extensive marine mucilage assessed by lipid biomarkers and molecular probes, Marine Ecology Progress Series, 153, 45-57.
  • Balkis-Ozdelice, N., Durmuş, T., Balci, M., (2021), A preliminary study on the intense pelagic and benthic mucilage phenomenon observed in the sea of Marmara, International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics, 8(4), 414-422.
  • Blasi F., Delaria M., Caronni S., (2013), Prima segnalazione della microalga bentonica Chrysophaeum taylorii Lewis e Bryan lungo le coste laziali, Biologia Marina Mediterranea, 20(1), 120-121.
  • Bochdansky A.B., Clouse M.A., Herndl G.J., (2017), Eukaryotic microbes, principally fungi and labyrinthulomycetes, dominate biomass on bathypelagic marine snow, The ISME Journal, 11(2), 362-373.
  • Bongiorni L., Armeni M., Corinaldesi C., Dell’Anno A., Pusceddu A., Danovaro R., (2007), Viruses, prokaryotes and biochemical composition of organic matter in different types of mucilage aggregates, Aquatic Microbial Ecology, 49(1), 15-23.
  • Cappiello A., Trufelli H., Famiglini G., Pierini E., Capellacci S., Penna A., Ricci F., Ingarao C., Penna N., (2007), Study on the oligosaccharides composition of the water-soluble fraction of marine mucilage by electrospray tandem mass spectrometry, Water Research, 41(13), 2911-2920.
  • Caronni S., Bresciani A., Delaria M.A., Meloni F., Navone A., Panzalis P., Heimann K., Ceccherelli G., (2015), Ecology of the benthic mucilage-forming microalga Chrysophaeum taylorii in the W Mediterranean Sea: Substratum and depth preferences, Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 161, 38-45.
  • Caronni S., Calabretti C., Cavagna G., Ceccherelli G., Delaria M.A., Macri G., Navone A., Panzalis P., (2017), The invasive microalga Chrysophaeum taylorii: Interactive stressors regulate cell density and mucilage production, Marine Environmental Research, 129, 156-165.
  • Cozzi S., Cantoni C., Precali R., Degobbis D., Catalano, G., (2005), Relationship among hypoxia , mucilage events and circulation in the Northern Adriatic Sea, Science, 7, 08829.
  • Cozzi, S., Ivančić I., Catalano G., Djakovac T., Degobbis D., (2004). Dynamics of the oceanographic properties during mucilage appearance in the Northern Adriatic Sea: analysis of the 1997 event in comparison to earlier events, Journal of Marine Systems, 50(3-4), 223-241.
  • Danovaro R., Armeni M., Corinaldesi C., Mei M.L., (2003), Viruses and marine pollution, Marine Pollution Bulletin, 46(3), 301–304.
  • Danovaro R., Armeni M., Luna G.M., Corinaldesi C., Dell’Anno A., Ferrari C.R., Fiordelmondo C., Gambi C., Gismondi M., Manini E., (2005), Exo-enzymatic activities and dissolved organic pools in relation with mucilage development in the Northern Adriatic Sea, Science of the Total Environment, 353(1-3), 189-203.
  • Danovaro R., Umani S.F., Pusceddu A., (2009), Climate change and the potential spreading of marine mucilage and microbial pathogens in the Mediterranean Sea, Plos One, 4(9), e7006, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0007006.
  • Degobbis D., Malej A., Umani S. F., (1999), The mucilage phenomenon in the northern Adriatic Sea. A critical review of the present scientific hypotheses, Annali dell'Istituto superiore di sanità, 35(3), 373-381.
  • De Philippis R., Faraloni C., Sili C., Vincenzini M., (2005), Populations of exopolysaccharide-producing cyanobacteria and diatoms in the mucilaginous benthic aggregates of the Tyrrhenian Sea (Tuscan Archipelago), Science of The Total Environment, 353(1-3), 360-368.
  • Del Negro P., Crevatin E., Larato C., Ferrari C., Totti C., Pompei M., Giani M., Berto D., Umani S.F., (2005), Mucilage microcosms, Science of the Total Environment, 353(1-3), 258-269.
  • Destan Öztürk İ., Mutlu S., Kaman G., Bayram Partal F., Demirtaş A., Çağlar S., Kuzyaka E., Altıok H., Ediger D., (2021), Vertical distribution of mucilage typology in the water column after a massive mucilage formation in the surface waters of the sea of Marmara, Journal of Black Sea/Mediterranean Environment, 27(2), 184-201.
  • Durmuş T., Balkıs-Ozdelice N., Taş S., Bayram Partal F., Balcı M., Dalyan C., Sarı M., (2022), New records for microalgae species of the Turkish seas under the effect of ıntense mucilage in the sea of Marmara, European Journal of Biology, 81(2), 144-162.
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There are 71 citations in total.

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Environmental Sciences
Journal Section Reviews
Authors

Ece Polat 0000-0001-7173-9126

Hülya Ünver 0000-0001-7662-7297

Mahmut Altınbaş 0000-0003-3946-741X

Publication Date July 30, 2023
Submission Date January 23, 2023
Acceptance Date July 24, 2023
Published in Issue Year 2023Volume: 9 Issue: 2

Cite

APA Polat, E., Ünver, H., & Altınbaş, M. (2023). Müsilaj Oluşumu ve Ekolojisi. Doğal Afetler Ve Çevre Dergisi, 9(2), 385-403. https://doi.org/10.21324/dacd.1240922
AMA Polat E, Ünver H, Altınbaş M. Müsilaj Oluşumu ve Ekolojisi. J Nat Haz Environ. July 2023;9(2):385-403. doi:10.21324/dacd.1240922
Chicago Polat, Ece, Hülya Ünver, and Mahmut Altınbaş. “Müsilaj Oluşumu Ve Ekolojisi”. Doğal Afetler Ve Çevre Dergisi 9, no. 2 (July 2023): 385-403. https://doi.org/10.21324/dacd.1240922.
EndNote Polat E, Ünver H, Altınbaş M (July 1, 2023) Müsilaj Oluşumu ve Ekolojisi. Doğal Afetler ve Çevre Dergisi 9 2 385–403.
IEEE E. Polat, H. Ünver, and M. Altınbaş, “Müsilaj Oluşumu ve Ekolojisi”, J Nat Haz Environ, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 385–403, 2023, doi: 10.21324/dacd.1240922.
ISNAD Polat, Ece et al. “Müsilaj Oluşumu Ve Ekolojisi”. Doğal Afetler ve Çevre Dergisi 9/2 (July 2023), 385-403. https://doi.org/10.21324/dacd.1240922.
JAMA Polat E, Ünver H, Altınbaş M. Müsilaj Oluşumu ve Ekolojisi. J Nat Haz Environ. 2023;9:385–403.
MLA Polat, Ece et al. “Müsilaj Oluşumu Ve Ekolojisi”. Doğal Afetler Ve Çevre Dergisi, vol. 9, no. 2, 2023, pp. 385-03, doi:10.21324/dacd.1240922.
Vancouver Polat E, Ünver H, Altınbaş M. Müsilaj Oluşumu ve Ekolojisi. J Nat Haz Environ. 2023;9(2):385-403.