Writing Rules


Authors should fill in the copyright transfer form before uploading their articles.


• Authors can prepare and submit their manuscripts for the review process in Turkish or English.

• The manuscript should be written with clear and simple sentences.


• Manuscripts should be prepared in accordance with the sample article format.

• The page size should be A4 (210*297mm) standard.

• Manuscripts should be single-spaced and the text should be written in one column.

• Manuscripts should be prepared with the margins of 2 cm on the left and right sides and 2.5 cm on the bottom and top sides of each page.

• Manuscript should not exceed 20 pages, including the references section.

• Paragraphs should be justified and the first line of each paragraph (excluding the first paragraph) should be adjusted at 0.5 cm from the left hand margin.


Manuscript Title

• Manuscript title should be concise and informative and it should convey information about the topic and content of the article.

• The first letters of each word in the title should be written in capital and it should be typed as 14 points Arial-bold and justified to the left.

• The title in English should be written in lowercase (except the first letters of each word in the title) and placed after the abstract (in Turkish). It should also be justified to the left and typed as 12 points Arial-bold.

Names and Addresses of Authors

• All author names and their addresses are to be listed below the title of the manuscript. Address (affiliation) information should be given without using any abbreviation e.g.; department name, university or organization name, postal (zip) code, city, state/province (if applicable), country.


• Abstract should present the reasons for writing the manuscript, methods, findings and outstanding conclusions concisely and informatively.

• Abstract should be written both in Turkish and English.

• The length of the abstract must be between 150 and 200 words.

• Except standard and conventional abbreviations, use of abbreviations should be avoided in the abstract. In case of abbreviation(s) is needed to be included, please define it in parenthesis where it appears in the text for the first time.

• Both title and the abstract of the manuscript written in Turkish should be translated into English and incase of manuscripts submitted in English, title and the abstract of the manuscript written in English should also be translated into Turkish.


• Keywords should follow the abstract and not be less than 3 and more than 6.


• The text of the manuscript should be designed in sections as follows; Introduction, Material and Method, Results and Discussion, Conclusions (Conclusions and Suggestions), Acknowledgements (if any), References, Appendices (if any).

• Introduction part should give the nature of the problem under investigation, main objectives of the study and method of approach accompanying relevant references of literature.

• Following sections may review on the theoretical bases of the study, the used and/or suggested methods and/or algorithms, the numerical applications, and the analyses on the provided results.

• Obtained results from the study can be summarized and suggestions can be presented in the Conclusions section.

• The institutions and associations from which the financial supports are provided, personal contacts of the authors who contribute to the manuscript can be acknowledged in the acknowledgements section. Acknowledgements should not be placed in any part of the manuscript as footnotes. Acknowledgements section should be as concise as possible.

• The text of sections should be written with Times New Roman characters in 10 points.

Numbering Sections

• Titles and subtitles of the sections and subsections should be numerated sequentially in decimal numbers. Section numbering should not exceed three levels. The abstract should not be numbered.

(Example:  1. Introduction,  2. Main Section,  2.1. Subsection,  2.1.1. Subsection ) 


• Abbreviations should be defined at the first use in parenthesis following their denotations.

Mathematical Formulae

• Variables, vectors and matrices are to be presented in italics. Matrices should be written in capital letter and vectors should be written in lowercase. Both, vectors and matrices should be typed as boldface.

• The equations are to be justified to the left side of the manuscript and numbered sequentially. Equation numbers should be placed next to the corresponding equation and justified to the right margin.

• In case, simple formulae in the line of text are to be inserted, formulae should be provided in text format. (e.g. for division sign; use solidus “/” instead of “–”).

• Equations must be prepared using a commonly available equation editor (e.g. Ms. Word Equation editor, MathType) to allow editing. Equations should not be included in the manuscript in graphical formats.


• All tables should have table captions. Table caption should be placed above the table, e.g. “Table 1: Table caption”.

• Tables should be referred to in the text as follows:

Example:  … as shown in Table 1 …

• The footnotes in the tables should be cited with superscript lowercase letters and the corresponding footnotes should be placed below the table.

• Tables in the manuscript must not be in graphical format.


• All figures should have figure captions. Figure caption should be placed below the figure, e.g. “Figure 1: Figure caption”.

• Figures should be referred in the text as follows:

Example:  … as shown in Figure 1 …

• Figures at low resolution should be included in the manuscript. Additionally, all figures at least 300dpi resolution should be uploaded as supplementary files to the electronic system of the Journal through the online submission.

• Image title and number should not be placed on images uploaded to the online system. This information should be provided at metadata section during the uploading process.

Table and Figure Numbering

• Tables and figures should be numbered sequentially through the text without using any section number.

• Tables and figures in the Appendices sections must be numbered independently from the main text of the manuscript.

Example: The number of the 1st figure of Appendices 1 should be:   Figure A1

Example: The number of the 1st table of Appendices 1 should be:   Table A1


• Colored illustrations, such as figures and tables can be prepared. The colored illustrations are free of charge. Approved final manuscripts in all formats will be published as colored in the Journal.

Terminology and Units

• Internationally accepted units and terminology standards are strongly encouraged to be followed. International system of units (SI) is requested to be used.

• If other units are mentioned, their equivalent in SI should be enclosed in parenthesis.


• To indicate additional information, footnotes can be included. Footnotes on the text should be cited in decimal numbers and formatted as superscript.

• Footnotes as usual should be written at the bottom of the page where the referenced text is placed on.

Citations and Quotations

• Quotations must be written in italic font style and in quotation marks.

• Citations should consist of the author’s surname with the first letter in capital and year of the publication in the form i.e. “([Surname] [year])” or “[Surname] ([year])”. In case, the cited reference has two authors the word, “and” should be inserted between the surnames. In case, the cited reference has more than two authors the phrase “et al.” should be inserted between the first author’s surname and the year of the publication. In case, cited text in the manuscript only refers to one page of the reference then the page number of the reference should be given after the year of the publication by a comma between the year and the page number. Samples are given below.


According to Ozalp (2013) ...

From the model of Vanicek and Kleusberg (1987) ...

Considering the research results of Pavlis et al. (2008) ...

… (Bostanci, 1995).

… (Pursell and Potterfield, 2008).

… (Akinci, 2005; Dogan et al., 1992).

… (Tapley et al., 2005).


• References should be arranged in “References” section. Firstly, references should be ordered alphabetically according to the cited and quoted authors’ surname, then chronologically if necessary.

• Both References and Acknowledgements should not have section numbers.

• The name of articles listed in the References should be written in lowercase, except the first letter.

• The second and following lines should be adjusted at 0.5 cm from the left-hand margin for each reference.

• Examples of different kinds of publications are given below.

Journal Article:

One author

Format: Lastname, A. (year). Title of the article. Title of the Journal, Volume(Issue), First page–Last page. doi

Paivio, A. (1975). Perceptual comparisons through the mind’s eye. Memory & Cognition, 3(1), 635–647.

Jerrentrup, A. (2018). Teaching medicine with the help of “Dr. House.” PLoS ONE, 13(3), Article e0193972.

Akıncı, H. (2022). Assessment of rainfall-induced landslide susceptibility in Artvin, Turkey using machine learning techniques. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 191, Article 104535. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2022.104535

Mounier-Kuhn, P. (2012). Computer science in French universities: Early entrants and latecomers. Information & Culture: A Journal of History, 47(4), 414–456.

Yılmaz, M. U. (2023). Keşif kuraklık indeksi ve standartlaştırılmış yağış indeksi kullanılarak Kırklareli ilinde kuraklığın eğilimi ve zamansal değişkenliği. Doğal Afetler ve Çevre Dergisi, 9(2), 341-364. https://doi.org/10.21324/dacd.1296428

Andreff, W. (2000). The evolving European model of professional sports finance. Journal of Sports Economics, 1, 257–276. https://doi.org/10.1177/152700250000100304

Two and more authors

Format: Lastname, A., & Lastname, B. (year). Title of the article. Title of the journal, Volume(Issue), First page–Last page. doi

Köroğlu, B., & Akıncı, H. (2023). Coğrafi bilgi sistemleri tabanlı çok kriterli karar analizi ile Giresun ili dereli ilçesinin taşkın duyarlılık analizi. Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Mühendislik ve Fen Bilimleri Dergisi, 1(2), 62–81.

Becker, L. J., & Seligman, C. (1981). Welcome to the energy crisis. Journal of Social Issues, 37(2), 1–7.

Cheryan, S., & Meltzoff, A. N. (2015). Cultural stereotypes as gatekeepers. Frontiers in Psychology, 6, Article e0214466. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00049

Demirarslan, K. O., & Akıncı, H. (2016). Doğu Karadeniz bölgesinde kükürtdioksit (SO2) dağılımlarının coğrafi bilgi sistemleri yardımıyla belirlenmesi. Doğal Afetler ve Çevre Dergisi, 2(2), 81-99. https://doi.org/10.21324/dacd.91087

Frischlich, L., Hahn, L., & Rieger, D. (2021). The promises and pitfalls of inspirational media: What do we know, and where do we go from here? Media and Communication, 9(2), 162–166. https://doi.org/10.17645/mac.v9i2.4271

Grady, J. S., Her, M., Moreno, G., Perez, C., & Yelinek, J. (2019). Emotions in storybooks: A comparison of storybooks that represent ethnic and racial groups in the United States. Psychology of Popular Media Culture, 8, 207–217. https://doi.org/10.1037/ppm0000185

Rosette, J., Suárez, J., North P., & Los S. (2011). Forestry applications for satellite lidar remote sensing. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, 77(3), 271-279.

Article with DOI Number:

Format: Lastname, A. (year). Title of the article. Title of the Journal. Advance online publication. doi

Muldoon, K., Towse, J., Simms, V., Perra, O., & Menzies, V. (2012). A longitudinal analysis of estimation, counting skills, and mathematical ability across the first school year. Developmental Psychology. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0028240.

Article in Press:

Format: Lastname, A. (in press). Title of the article. Title of the Journal.

Hindmoor, A., & McConnell, A. (in press). Why didn’t they see it coming? Warning signs, acceptable risks and the global financial crisis. Political Studies.

Preprint Article:

Format: Lastname, A. (year). Title of the article. Web site. doi

Hampton, S., Rabagliati, H., Sorace, A., & Fletcher-Watson, S. (2017). Autism and bilingualism: A qualitative interview study of parents’ perspectives and experiences. PsyArXiv. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/76xfs


Format: Lastname, A. (year). Title of the book (edition, Volume). Publisher. doi

Attention: The edition, volume, and DOI are not compulsory.

Strunk, W., Becker, E., & White, E. B. (1979). The guide to everything and then some more stuff (3rd ed.). Macmillan.

von der Lippe, T. L. (Ed.). (2016). Student affairs for academic administrators. Stylus Publishing; ACPA Books.

Kearney, D. J., & Simpson, T. L. (2020). Concise guides on trauma care. Mindfulness-based interventions for trauma and its consequences. American Psychological Association. https://doi.org/10.1037/0000154-000

Florian, L. (Ed.). (2014). The SAGE handbook of special education (2nd ed., Vol. 1). SAGE.

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596.744053

Book Chapter:

Format: Lastname, A. (year). Title of the chapter. In B. Lastname, C. Lastname & D. Lastname (Eds.), Title of the book (Volume, pp. First page–Last page). Publisher. doi

Bergquist, J. M. (1992). German Americans. In J. D. Buenker & L. A. Ratner (Eds.), Multiculturalism in the United States: A comparative guide to acculturation and ethnicity (Vol. 3, pp. 53–76). Greenwood.

Belsey, C. (2006). Poststructuralism. In S. Malpas & P. Wake (Eds.), The Routledge companion to critical theory (pp. 51–61). Routledge.

Baker, F. M., & Lightfoot, O. B. (1993). Psychiatric care of ethnic elders. In A. C. Gaw (Ed.), Culture, ethnicity, and mental illness (pp. 517–552). American Psychiatric Press.

Scott, D. (2005). Colonial governmentality. In J. X. Inda (Ed.), Anthropologies of modernity (pp. 21–49). Wiley. http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/bookhome/117909832

Conference/Symposium paper

Conference/Symposium paper, keynote address, poster presentation, etc. (unpublished)

Whipple, S. (2018, March 6-9). Control beliefs as a moderator of stress on anxiety [Paper presentation]. Southeastern Psychological Association 64th Annual Meeting, Charleston, SC, United States.

Conference paper in Proceedings (published as a book)

Cismas, S. C. (2010). Educating academic writing skills in engineering. In P. Dondon & O. Martin (Eds.), Latest trends on engineering education (pp. 225–247). WSEAS Press.

Conference paper in Proceedings (published as a journal issue)

Chaudhuri, S., & Biswas, A. (2017). External terms-of-trade and labor market imperfections in developing countries. Proceedings of the Academy of Economics and Economic Education, 20(1), 11-16. https://search-proquest-com.elibrary.jcu.edu.au/docview/1928612180?accountid=16285

Published Thesis or Dissertation:

Format: Lastname, A. A. (year). Title of thesis [Doctoral, Master, or Bachelor’s thesis or dissertation, Name of the Institution]. Name of Repository. www.website.com

Akıncı, H. (2006). Konumsal veri altyapılarının web servisleri ile gerçekleştirilmesi: mevcut durum analizi ve gelecek yönelimlerinin belirlenmesi [Doktora tezi, Karadeniz Teknik Üniversitesi]. YÖK Ulusal Tez Merkezi. https://tez.yok.gov.tr/UlusalTezMerkezi

Zambrano-Vazquez, L. (2016). The interaction of state and trait worry on response monitoring in those with worry and obsessive-compulsive symptoms [Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona]. UA Campus Repository. https://repository.arizona.edu/handle/10150/620615

Kelly, C. B. D. (2018). The art of coffee roasting [Doctoral thesis, University of Waikato]. The University of Waikato Research Commons. https://hdl.handle.net/10289/11614

Kabir, J. M. (2016). Factors influencing customer satisfaction at a fast-food hamburger chain: The relationship between customer satisfaction and customer loyalty [PhD dissertation, Wilmington University]. ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global.


Format: Author. (year). Title of the report in sentence case (Number of the Report or Working Paper if available). Publisher if different to author. www.website.com if available

Hershey Foods Corporation. (2001). 2001 Annual report (Working Paper No. 3). Wiley.

Queensland Department of Innovation and Tourism Industry Development. (2016). Advancing tourism 2016. https://www.publications.qld.gov.au/dataset/advancing-tourism/resource/df997cf7-14fc-47b1-ac99-ddc7f0975967


Format: Lastname, A. (year). Title of the webpage in sentence case. Name of the Website in Title Case. www.website.com

Johnson, A. (2018, May 24). “It doesn’t need to be this way”: The promise of specialised early intervention in psychosis services. IEPA. https://iepa.org.au/network-news/it-doesnt-need-to-be-this-way-the-promise-of-specialised-early-intervention-in-psychosis-services

Czachor, E. M. (2021). Bella Thorne thanked the FBI for “searching tirelessly” for the hacker who allegedly threatened her. BuzzFeed. https://www.buzzfeed.com/emilymaeczachor/bella-thorne-responded-alleged-hackers-arrest

Attention: If the author and the name of the website are the same, omit the name of the website to avoid repetition.

World Health Organization. (2018). The top 10 causes of death. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/the-top-10-causes-of-death

Published or Unpublished Data set:

Format: Author. (Year). Title of document in sentence case [Data set]. Website. www.website.com
                Author. (Year). Title of document in sentence case [Unpublished raw data]. Website/Publisher. www.website.com

Coppedge, M., Gerring, J., Knutsen, C. H., Lindberg, S. I., Teorell, J., Altman, D. (2019). V-Dem country-year dataset v9 [Data set]. V-Dem. https://doi.org/10.23696/vdemcy19

O’Donohue, W. (2017). Content analysis of undergraduate psychology textbooks (ICPSR 21600; Version V1) [Data set]. ICPSR. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36966.v1

Evans, S. K. (2014). Personnel survey [Unpublished raw data]. University of Southern California.

Important Notes

1. Arrange entries in alphabetical order by the surname of the first author.

During, J. (2005).
Escalas, J. (2013).
Jacobus, M., Keller, E. F., & Shuttleworth, S. (Eds.). (2013).
Scott, A. J. (2012).

2. If authors have the same surname, alphabetize them according to their first initial.

Johnson, A. (2004).
Johnson, I. (2002).

3. If there are entries with identical authors, order them chronologically, earliest first.

Escalas, J. (2013).
Escalas, J. (2019).

4. If there are entries with identical authors published in the same year, organize them in the reference list alphabetically by the title of the article or chapter. Then assign letter suffixes to the year (a, b, c, etc.).

Berndt, T. J. (1981a).
Berndt, T. J. (1981b).